Cold storage is a commercial facility that stores goods for a long period of time at a controlled temperature. Cold storage is the most effective solution for bulk handling of perishable goods, between manufacturing and retailing. Cold storage is mainly used in the food industry and various other sectors like pharmaceuticals, art painting, biotechnology, and medical, liquor industry. In today’s world where globalization and urbanization are rising so the consumption of different products and goods are rising throughout the year.
Keeping the products safe from any spoilage is a huge task. As most of the manufacturing companies or farming is done in the outer area of the city or in another territory, before reaching the final destination, a product may hamper or may get damaged so cold storage prevents the damaging of the products.
Keeping the food fresh is one function of cold storage. The other function is to preserve the longevity of food items. There are lots of food items that need to be stored in cold storage. Cold storage also helps people to gain access to seasonal fruits and vegetables and crops throughout the year. Most of the food items which we consume are perishable and need to be stored for a period of time. At home, we stock dairy products, fruits, vegetables, food items, in refrigerators to consume later.
Management of cold storage requires skilled labor as it is completely machine-operated. All such facilities have dedicated teams that manage stock, check the products, and take care of the environmental conditions. Hence, it is a great way of generating employment opportunities for many people.
Logistics is the key to our daily life, without logistics, we can’t imagine our life, there will be no globalization and urbanization. Logistic help us by delivering the products which we need from distant locations to our neighborhood. When dairy products, frozen food, flowers, vaccines, and many more are transported from the storage facilities to the distribution and retail shops, then it can’t be done in ordinary temperatures by general trucks. These items are transported by cold storage freight chain. Which has a huge potential.
All food items contain microbes, they are responsible for the various changes that happen in the life span of fruits and veggies. Food spoils due to microorganisms that eat up the food item and decompose it. The cold decreases the growth of microorganism and increase the shelf life of the food.
There is a nature of cold is that it preserves things, and keep them fresh, similar with food items, like in day-to-day life we store our food items in the refrigerator, to keep them fresh, similarly, companies keep food items in cold storage to keep them fresh.
Every item has a different set of properties so they need to be stored or preserved at a set temperature, so cold storage gives this facility of adjusting the temperature. Cold storage offers easily accessible temperature controls that can be used for different kinds of products like fruits, vegetables, medicines, etc.
One of the significant benefits of cold storage is that it saves money by increasing the life of the product, it helps in preserving the product. So by helping in reducing wastage cold storage helps in saving money and the environment.
In our daily life, cold storage plays a huge role. You can consider the role of the refrigerator in our home. Rising food demand has led to an increase in the production of perishable items. To keep these items fresh, clean, and safe we must utilize cold storage facilities. cold storage chains in India are still at a nascent stage, so there is a huge opportunity.