Any country’s ability to develop and grow depends on its transportation network and infrastructure and how well they are maintained. The same is true for India’s development as a large and populous country. The development of new and improved roads is essential for linking the areas and preserving a smooth flow of traffic. The Bharatmala project’s implementation will lead to the same result. The plan calls for the construction of numerous new highways across the country. The Bharatmala Pariyojana envisages development of about 26,000 km length of Economic Corridors.
If you want to see any country or state progress and development, see the quality and network of its roads.
The development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes, National Corridor Efficiency Improvement, Border and International Connectivity Roads, Coastal and Port Connectivity Roads, and Green-Field Expressways are just a few of the effective interventions that the Bharatmala Pariyojana, a new umbrella program for the highways sector, uses to close critical infrastructure gaps.
Basic Plan of the Bharatmala Pariyojana
- The commencement of the program was done to usher in a new wave of growth in the country in the shape of built and well-maintained roadways. In all regions of the country, roads will be built as part of this initiative.
- According to the scheme’s draught, the government and the ministry will work to complete 34, 800 km of brand-new roads.
- Bharatmala, the name given to the road improvement project, is an integrated system that also includes a number of other connected programs. The overall success of the program will be assured with the completion of all the schemes.
- The central government intends to complete the program in a period of five years. Thus, everything is ready for the first phase to be completed before the end of 2022.
- The system will be broken down into seven discrete phases due to its sheer size and scope of it. The first phase is currently being built.
- In order to complete the first phase by the deadline, the relevant department has worked to build at least 18 km of path every day. Continued efforts are being undertaken to increase it to 30 km/day in order to beat the clock.
- The official draught of the program makes clear that different categories of roads will be built in order to improve connectivity.
- Multiple funding sources are necessary since a massive project cannot be funded only from one source. As a result, the government will have to rely on outside sources to generate enough revenue to cover expenses.
CONSTRUCTION OF THE BHARATMALA PROJECT
- The central government will build 9000 km of economic corridors in accordance with the specifications of the road construction project.
- The highways that come within the Feeder Route or Inter Corridor category are a staggering 6000 kilometers in length.
- The 5000 km of roads built under the program will be classified as National Corridors to improve connectivity between them.
- The project has retained provision for building 2000km of roads that come into the Border Road or International Connectivity category, connecting the cities and isolated places that are located in border regions.
- The central government has commanded the construction of 2000km of highways to link the areas scattered along the shorelines and significant ports.
- For better traffic and freight management, the Green Field Expressway’s development and construction will receive the most attention.
- The project’s final component will involve building and maintaining around 10,000 km of new roads.